The UK Committee on Climate Change (CCC), the government’s statutory advisor, published its progress report at the end of June.
According to the report, a number of areas need urgent attention, if the government is to reach its target of net zero carbon emissions by 2050. These are:
- Energy Efficiency – insulating Britain’s homes;
- Domestic Heating – looking at low carbon alternatives;
- Electric Vehicles – the CCC suggests that a complete switch to electric vehicles can be achieved by 2032, earlier than the government’s target of 2035, though car manufacturuers are opposing this;
- Carbon Tax – this would not hit consumers but could raise £15 billion a year, according to the CCC;
- Agriculture and Land Use – such as tree planting and nature-friendly farming, which could change agriculture from a major source of emissions to a net absorber;
- Reskilling and Retraining Programmes – a new workforce will be required to install low-carbon boilers, home insulation and offshore wind farms;
- Behavioural Changes in Lockdown – showed that many people can work from home, reducing emissions from transport emissions. A new infrastructure to encourage people to cycle or walk to work needs developing;
- Targeted Science and Innovation Funding – for the development of low-carbon technologies;
- Adaptations to the Effects of the Climate Crisis – flood defences, protecting homes from hotter summers etc.